Wild Fires Sample Essay Paper.
I need help with a topical paper about natural disasters.
Requirements include: Research one of the popular environmental/hazard issues to which humans may have some level of influence and address the following topics: cause and effect (specific events and in general), scale or scope of the issue (how big is the problem), the exact human influence (good or bad), and prognosis for the near future (up to 100 years).
My topic is wild fires.
I have included all the information needed in the paper.
The final draft is all that is required.
I need this before Sunday if possible.
Requirements: 3 pages minimim
Wildfires are an unavoidable part of life. It contributes to create ecosystems by acting as a catalyst for rejuvenation and transformation. Wildfires are unregulated, rapidly expanding, and roaring massive flames aided by wind and reactionaries that can obliterate an entire forest or vegetative area of land in a few minutes. Fire repercussions are impacted by forest variables before the fire and administration actions are conducted or not done after the wildfire, and they can endure for a long time. In the Western United States, climatic disruption leads to an upsurge in the incidence and size of wildfires. Temperatures, soil humidity, and the abundance of trees, bushes, and other possible fuels all play a role in wildfire danger. Climate unpredictability and climate evolution are strongly linked to all of these variables, whether directly or indirectly. Climate change, according to experts, increases the risk of catastrophic wildfires in the United States. According to major research, 95 percent of fires near enough to damage people’s residences were started by human acts instead of natural forces like lightning. This analysis presents a more detailed yet refined depiction of wildfire surrounding human settlements and implies that the wildfire threat to American homes is substantially higher than formerly thought indicating that wildfire hazard is mostly due to human activity.
Cause and effect
Three things are required for a fire to begin: fuel, heat and oxygen. This is the triangle of fire. Fire will propagate in the region where any of these ingredients is abundant. As a result, the only option to extinguish or regulate it is to restrict either of these three factors severely. Wildfires are among nature’s most destructive forces, wreaking havoc on both humanity and the environment. Fire may be devastating, damaging homes, nature conservation, and timber and contaminating the atmosphere with hazardous pollutants (Kizer, 2020). Carbon dioxide, a crucial greenhouse component, is also released into the environment by fire.
Humans account for over 80% of all wildfires. Each year, reckless human actions such as unsupervised campfires and improperly dumping cigarette stubs lead to wildfire tragedies. Other major sources of wildfires are accidents, purposeful incidents of arson, debris smoldering, and fireworks. Cigarette smoking is the greatest cause of fire accidents and deaths worldwide. According to statistics, these fires can cost $27.2 billion worldwide (Pausas & Keeley, 2019). Pausas & Keeley (2019) state that the expense of wildfires in the United States is estimated to be $7 billion. People have an uncontrollable tendency to smoke while commuting, walking, or cycling, discarding the cigarette without totally extinguishing it. These people have no understanding of where those cigarette buds will wind up, and most of them cause fires. This type of irresponsibility causes wildfire tragedies in many locations since a cigarette butt can ignite a fire.
According to Stevens‐Rumann et al., (2018) between 2006 and 2015, humans were responsible for roughly 50 percent of the 73,110 wildfires in the United States. Campfires account for one-third of the 33,700 human-caused wildfires during that time frame, destroying over 1.2 million acres of vegetation. These data demonstrate how easily a campfire can start a large wildfire. Wildfires can be started by unsupervised campfires when camping or doing other outdoor sports. If not correctly extinguished, a campfire can spark a wildfire.
Natural sources cause approximately 10% of all wildfires. On the other hand, natural-caused wildfires differ from one place to the next, relying on vegetation, temperature, climate, and geographical setting. Lightning and volcanic activity are the primary two significant natural sources. Lightning is responsible for a large percentage of wildfires. It’s a frequent cause, according to studies. A lightning strike can create a spark. Lightning can strike electricity cables, branches, boulders, and other objects, causing a fire (Kizer, 2020). Hot lightning is the kind of lightning linked with wildfires. It has lower voltage waves, but it hits more frequently and for extended periods. As a result, fires usually start by continuous hot lightning bolts striking boulders, trees, electrical lines, or anything else that could start a fire. During a volcanic eruption, hot magma in the earth’s crusts frequently ejects as lava. The molten lava then pours into neighboring fields or lands, causing flames to erupt.
Wildfires devastate habitats and the complicated interactions between various flora and animals, resulting in environmental and biodiversity destruction. Wildfires wreak havoc on the land’s habitability and adaptability for some wildlife and plant types. It modifies or eliminates plant life elements that sustain multiple creatures, compelling them to flee the area or possibly kill species (Pausas & Keeley, 2019). Birds, rodents, insects, and reptiles are among the smaller and rarer animals that face a significant risk of extinction, while certain plant varieties reduce to ashes. Furthermore, certain creatures may become extinct as a result of wildfires.
Like those that frequently occur in dry tropical woodlands, wildfires are a significant source of forest damage. Vast tracts of forests and flora are destroyed every time forest fires occur. Forest fires in many places continue to degrade the sustainability of forest elements such as soil richness, biodiversity, and habitats (Stevens‐Rumann et al., 2018). When flames wipe off natural vegetation, the purity of the air we inhale suffers, and carbon gas levels rise in the atmosphere, causing climate disruption and global warming. Furthermore, flames produce vast clouds of smoke, which contribute to immense air contamination.
Wildfires wreak havoc on everything in their way, even homes. To put out blazing fires, a brigade of firefighters is usually dispatched. Furthermore, local governments invest huge amounts of money in extinguishing or containing the fire. Airplanes dump massive amounts of water and phosphate fertilizers from the sky, not to forget the trucks and logistics. All of this costs a lot, and the region’s economy may suffer as a result.
Scale or scope of the issue
Annually, over 600 wildfires burn over about 7 million acres of property and damage more than 25,000 buildings, as per the United States Fire Service (Smalley, 2005). Wildfires can reach temperatures of over 2,000 degrees Fahrenheit in severe cases. That heat is double that of Venus’s crust. Wildfires can reach 50 meters in height with their blaze. Wildfires can become so large that they alter local weather trends. They also travel quickly on earth, running twice as quickly as a person. That considered, it is tough to put a halt to anything like that.
Even though lightning storms are less violent than projected, experts warn that over 300 lightning that hit overnight can ignite ten new flames, each of which poses a new risk (Smalley, 2005). In 2020, over 7,000 fires had consumed 1.4 million acres, making it one of the highest intense fire seasons ever (Kizer, 2020). By the end of the year, 5,600 acres had been destroyed across the Canadian state by 4,292 fires.
In more isolated places, fires started by humans are the most common. Some examples of wildfires attributed by debris smoldering, sparks produced from railways, machinery, electrical lines, cigarettes, fireworks, open fires, unintentional ignition sources, and arson. In comparison to lightning-caused flames, human-caused flames have increased the period of the wildfire cycle.
Human-caused fires spread at a rate of 1.83 kilometers per day, more than twice as quickly as lightning-caused burns, which spread at 0.83 kilometers per day (Kizer, 2020). Faster-spreading wildfires burn hotter and kill twice as many trees as slower-spreading fires ignited by lightning. Such human-caused fires have a detrimental influence on the environment. While the ecology is fire-adapted, it is not adapted for 80 percent of trees to perish, as we are witnessing with some of the most powerful flames.
Every year, regional and local groups collaborate to put out dozens of thousands of wildfires. Every year, the United States spends more than $5 billion fighting fires (Kizer, 2020). This money will be used to pay firefighting troops, including the use of aircraft to pour water on wildfires, phosphate fertilizer to delay the growth of flames, and vehicles to block the rise of fire.
The prognosis for the near future
Climate experts worry that the intensity across diverse areas is a precursor to a worsening fire and flood pattern. Massive wildfires will persist for roughly a decade under growing droughts and increasing temperatures, according to the findings of a 60-year model, accompanied by periodic wildfires that erupt under hot and dry circumstances but get reduced eventually (Marlon et al., 2012). Even in the absence of wildfire, the forest’s woods shrink in quantity and height over time due to the warm and dry circumstances, which makes them less prolific and stressed. These conclusions are likely to generalize to other drought-stricken woods.
What unfolds with wildfires in the foreseeable future is important for preparing now. Societies will have to cohabit with wildfire instead of completely avoiding it, according to current thinking. As woodlands deal with wildfires and environmental issues, a mixture of managed burns and woodland thinning will probably be the way to go (Marlon et al., 2012). Because the forest is so dense, the trees are sucking up a great deal of water from the earth. There is increasing evidence that by thinning forests, we can reduce drought strain and create more drought-resistant forests, which may also assist in reducing the effect of the main wildfire burst.
Wildfires have historically represented a natural component of the global environment, but human influences to increasing global warming have increased the severity and duration of wildfires. One option to reverse this pattern is to tackle human-caused climate disruption, such as manufacturing and traffic emissions, by converting to alternative energy sources, which lower carbon output and thus moderate global temperature swings, triggering wildfires. Deforestation should be reversed and managed wildfires that disturb natural combustion and regrowth processes – if left uncontrolled, the planet would eventually lose all of its woodlands and grasslands.
Kizer, K. W. (2020). Extreme wildfires—a growing population health and planetary problem. Jama, 324(16), 1605-1606.
Marlon, J. R., Bartlein, P. J., Gavin, D. G., Long, C. J., Anderson, R. S., Briles, C. E., … & Walsh, M. K. (2012). Long-term perspective on wildfires in the western USA. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109(9), E535-E543.
Pausas, J. G., & Keeley, J. E. (2019). Wildfires as an ecosystem service. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 17(5), 289-295.
Smalley, J. C. (2005). Protecting life and property from wildfire. Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Stevens‐Rumann, C. S., Kemp, K. B., Higuera, P. E., Harvey, B. J., Rother, M. T., Donato, D. C., … & Veblen, T. T. (2018). Evidence for declining forest resilience to wildfires under climate change. Ecology letters, 21(2), 243-252.