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The Civil Rights Movement Sample Essay

The Civil Rights Movement Sample Essay.

The Civil Rights Movement Sample Essay

Category: Philosophy

Using the Internet, locate and read Martin Luther King Jr’s “I Have a Dream” speech given in Washington D.C., August 1963. Copy and paste the following keywords into your Google search bar: “I Have a Dream by Martin Luther King, Jr.” Feel free also to locate and incorporate additional scholarly sources to respond to this case study, including information on the Civil Rights Movement.

Construct the case study by responding to the following prompts:

  • Explain if the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s effectively changed the nation.
  • What effect would the Civil Rights Acts have across the continent on minority groups?
  • Do you think that the tactics and strategies that civil rights activists used in the 1960s would apply to today’s racial and ethnic conflicts? Why or why not?
  • Do the ideas of the 1960s still have relevance today? If so how? If not, why not?
  • Analyze how the Civil Rights Movement would impact diversity in America today.
  • Minimum of 1 primary source
  • Minimum of 4 scholarly sources (in addition to the textbook)
  • Length: 4-5 pages (not including title page and references page)
  • 1-inch margins
  • Double spaced
  • 12-point Times New Roman font
  • Title page
  • References page
  • In-text citations that correspond with your end reference

Requirements: 4-5 pages

The Civil Rights Movement

Student’s Name

Institutional Affiliation

The Civil Rights Movement

The Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s arose to address African Americans’ yearning and need for equality and freedom, together with other diverse minorities (“Civil rights movement,” n.d.). President Abraham Lincoln decreed the emancipation proclamation, which was structured into law during the civil war, becoming the United States Constitution Thirteenth Amendment. The amendment took effect in 1865 and formally outlawed slavery (“The civil rights movement: An introduction (article),” n.d.). However, almost a hundred years after the extermination of slavery, it remained only documented, but the reality on the ground was quite different. Segregation, discrimination, and racially instigated violence continued to dominate all aspects of the lives of African Americans. Notably, the 1960’s Civil Rights Movement significantly changed America, marked through many significant victories. Such include the banishing of the “Jim Crow” laws (“Civil rights movement,” n.d.). These laws segregated African Americans, meaning they would persistently languish in poverty and disparity with their White supremacist counterparts, denying them legislative rights and freedoms. 

Martin Luther King Jr’s “I Have a Dream” speech in Washington D.C., August 1963, was an eye-opener to the harsh realities that continued to hit the African Americans even after the emancipation proclamation. The emancipation proclamation outlawed involuntary servitude and slavery, but in essence, these vices were still taking place in diverse areas. Further, it had shone a glimpse of light and hope to them. However, nearly a century later, they were still in the same position before the proclamation. Slavery was still a nightmare to them, leave alone the chains of discrimination and segregation that continued to strangle the lives of the African Americans. Martin Luther King Junior’s speech shone a light on how America had little or perhaps nothing about abolishing slavery and eradicating discrimination and segregation of the Blacks and people of color (“I have a dream by Martin Luther King, Jr; August 28, 1963,” n.d.). He made the reality of the situation an open book that all people would read and see how African Americans were somewhat regarded as second-class US citizens by America. Notably, the esteemed United States constitution denied them the rights and privileges it otherwise promised to all its citizens, yet they had no other home and government. It became a bitter truth that the United States government and constitution certainly had to do something about, and fast. Subsequently, this ushered in a new period as the Movement carried on its mandate.

The African Americans had had enough, and they were not going to take it anymore. They compelled America to grant them their citizenship rights, justice, and fairness, or it would not know peace till it granted them their needs. The threats by Negros were genuine and needed to be addressed fast, with utmost seriousness by America. However, they would not fight for their rights, bearing bitterness and hatred but with discipline and dignity (“I have a dream by Martin Luther King, Jr; August 28, 1963,” n.d.). Freedom is all they wanted, and America’s freedom was tied to the Negros’ freedom. If America was to be a great nation, it had to consider the demands and cries of the African Americans and make them a reality.

As it is, today America is a great nation, a clear depiction that it gave freedom and justice to the Negros, treating them as its own, whom indeed they are. The Movement certainly constructively changed America. The election of an African American President in 2008, Barrack Obama, shows how much the Civil Rights Movement has achieved (“The civil rights movement: An introduction (article),” n.d.). Indeed, it continues to bear more remarkable fruits.

Accordingly, the Civil Rights Acts would have diverse effects across the continent on minorities. First, the government banished schools segregation, and state laws promoting White and Black students’ study in separate public educational centers became unconstitutional (“Civil rights movement,” n.d.). The 1964 Act enhanced the unification of schools and various public facilities. Additionally, it restricted discrimination in public places and programs funded by the federal government (Roy, n.d.). Also, it illegalized employment discrimination on the grounds of national origin, race, religion, sex, or color. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) became as a result of the Act. It is a US Agency that enforces laws prohibiting job discrimination. In addition, the legislation ensured minority voter protection against discrimination hence safeguarding their voting rights (Roy, n.d). In addition, the Act issued equal housing opportunities irrespective of natural origin, creed, or race (“Civil rights movement,” n.d.). Furthermore, it illegalized interference with housing opportunities and rights.

I think that the schemes and maneuvers that civil rights activists used in the 1960s would apply to today’s ethnicity and race-instigated conflicts. The Activists used such schemes as petitioning the federal government, issuing lawsuits in courts, applying mass direct actions, and Black militancy. They also used civil disobedience and peaceful protests (“The civil rights movement: An introduction (article),” n.d.). These strategies effectively bore much fruit when racism and ethnicity were at their peak in the United States. Notably, the freedom and jobs march in Washington became the most significant historical civil rights outcry in America, successfully bestowing the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. Much change has evolved since then after the Civil Rights Act enactment. Subsequently, racism and ethnicity have been gradually dwindling due to the tactics and strategies employed. As such, the tactics and techniques used by the Civil Rights Activists would be applicable in today’s racial and ethnic conflicts, which are not as intense compared to decades ago but need to whole eradication.

The proposals of the 1960s still have significance today. Though the Movement has achieved much thus far, there is still work to do. Full political, social, and economic equality has not yet been reached. Unfortunately, Black men are constantly victims of police savagery. On the other hand, poverty prevails among Black families compared to their White and Latino counterparts. There are still instances of discrimination in public schools besides poor access to social services for Black Americans (“The civil rights movement: An introduction (article),” n.d.). Also, some White supremacists have continued to frustrate the endeavors of the Civil Rights Movement.

Consequently, racism and ethnicity, particularly discrimination against African Americans, have not entirely diminished. They are still prevalent in some areas and among some people in the US, either openly or otherwise (Levy, 2019). As such, the ideas of the 1960’s Civil Rights Movement would still be significantly relevant today to eradicate this menace. Its continued advocacy, campaign, and resilience are warranted to entirely uproot the few remaining roots of racism, segregation, and discrimination. Besides, the Emancipation Proclamation did not instantly affect the attitude of some American citizens and a country with a legacy that considered African Americans to be less human (Roy, n.d.). Hence, the battle for freedom and equality of African Americans is far from over and continues. Like in Martin Luther King Junior’s speech, progress on the struggle for freedom and equality of African Americans needs to be constantly evaluated, and truth be told if there is no progress recorded whatsoever. That is the only way that America will achieve positive change and progression.

The 1960’s Civil Rights Movement would influence diversity in the United States today in manifold ways. First, it would ensure that there is no discrimination against African Americans by public officials. Police brutality towards Black men would be a thing of the past (“The civil rights movement: An introduction (article),” n.d.). Public schools would also accommodate Black and White students irrespective of their race, origin, or color. Additionally, Black people would be offered equal housing opportunities, making them not doomed to live in the cities’ rural areas or slums and ghettos (“I have a dream by Martin Luther King, Jr; August 28, 1963,” n.d.). Furthermore, the poverty levels among African Americans would significantly decrease since they would get equal employment opportunities with their White counterparts (Levy, 2019). Their living standards would improve substantially too.

Of most importance, the Civil Rights Movement would constantly emphasize that Black lives matter and all people would value and appreciate the Blacks. It would also eradicate discrimination not only among Blacks but even other people of color. Hence, people would appreciate everyone the way they are regardless of their race, ethnicity, or natural origin. African Americans’ stereotypical portrayals would not be as prevalent in general culture (“The civil rights movement: An introduction (article),” n.d.). Also, African American children would enjoy living in a nation that does not infer their color or character content. All men would consider themselves and others equal, and America would live true to its constitution and creed. The Civil Rights Movement would also promote diversity by encouraging brotherhood among Blacks and Whites, irrespective of their economic or social status (“I have a dream by Martin Luther King, Jr; August 28, 1963,” n.d.). In addition, everyone would view the other as a child of God, and all of them would live amicably as children of God.

References

Civil rights movement. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.adl.org/education/resources/backgrounders/civil-rights-movement

I have a dream by Martin Luther King, Jr; August 28, 1963. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://avalon.law.yale.edu/20th_century/mlk01.asp

Levy, P. B. (2019). The Civil Rights Movement: A Reference Guide. ABC-CLIO.

Roy, C. (n.d.). The civil rights movement. Retrieved from https://www.learningtogive.org/resources/civil-rights-movement

The civil rights movement: An introduction (article) (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/us-history/postwarera/civil-rights-movement/a/introduction-to-the-civil-rights-movement

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