Technology and Social Change Essay.
Technology and Social Change
Technology and Social Change
According to Dreher (2015), technology refers to the continuous application of scientific skills and knowledge to the development of different tools with the capacity to solve different problems. Technological change is represented by the continuous invention in smart devices such as personal computers, cellular phones, and the internet. These devices are increasingly affecting the manner in which people do their business, travel from one place to another and how people communicate with their friends and their families regardless of their geographical locations(Ali & Sinha, 2014). On the other hand, social change refers to the adjustment in the public arena that occurs in the society which is a basic web of social connections.
According to Colvin (2013), social change is a basic adjustment in the social connections defining a given group of people such as a community or a society. Social connections should be understood as social examples, procedures, and effective communications. Most of these elements tend to integrate the shared relations and exercises of various parts of the general public. In this sense, the ‘social change’ is used to portray a variety of any part of social procedures, social association or socialconnection, and social examples(Niosi & Reid, 2017). This paper paper provides a detailed discussion on technology and social change, their relationship, and other crucial topics associated with technological growth.
An Overview of the Impact of the Personal Computer, Cellular Phones, and the Internet on Society
According to Colvin (2013), the continuous development of technological devices such as personal computers, cellular phones, and the internet have a far-reaching impact on the contemporary society. For instance, the creation if the cell phone and the personal computer have increased the convenience of the internet by increasing its accessibility to impact man’s life. Personal computers and the cell phones have also made it easier for people to communicate and share information with their colleagues and families regardless of their geographical locations(Ali & Sinha, 2014). However, the two have also minimized face to face interactions which results in hindered development of interpersonal communication skills.
For instance, the use of slang is increasingly becoming common in a plethora of public places and occasions (Dreher, 2015). This slang speaking generation represents a direct form of culture erosion especially in developing countries. Nevertheless, the continuous use of internet has advanced the manner in which people do businesses. Today people do not have to leave their homes for shopping. They can easily log into their cell phones as well as personal computers and make an order of the goods they need for their immediate delivery at the door-step. However, advancement in the use of internet has the negative effect of creating a technology dependent generation making teenagers become addicted to it(Niosi & Reid, 2017). When wrongly used, internet can be a major factor promoting to civil strife, lawlessness, and increased recruitment of the youth into terrorist groups such as Al Qaeda.
A Description of the Equilibrium Model Through The Use Of Three Sociological Perspectives
According to Niosi and Reid (2017), the equilibrium model is concerned with the changes that occur in a given part of the society and how appropriate changes must be conducted to provide the appropriate balance. The failure to conduct the appropriate adjustments results in equilibrium vulnerability which often causes problems in the society. This functional perspective shares a strong connection with technology and social change due to its ability to identify areas of potential and those without capacity to generate appropriate solutions towards establishing the desired balance(Ali & Sinha, 2014). Researchers have also found out that people with internet access have a plethora of sociological benefits when compared to those living in areas without internet access.
According to Dreher (2015), there are multiple business activities such as the block-chain engagements which require internet to go on. Some organizations also accept applications send to them through their online platforms such as websites. Internet users can also share information with their colleagues through online platforms such as Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, and Emails. Hence, the use of internet through these platforms may create a perceived inequality since those without internet access cannot share information as those with internet connections (Colvin, 2013). The conflict model stipulates that change has multiple significances due to its need in the correction of such social inequalities and injustices.
Dreher (2015) argues that the rise in the use of technological devices such as computers, smartphones, and internet some people feel that the use of internet should be regulated as a result of cultural lag. Cultural lag refers to what takes place in a social system when the cultural ideas utilised to regulate and maintain social life do not go in line with social changes. The cultural lag model, conflict perspective, and the digital divide theory shares a close relationship with the effect of internet on the contemporary society due to their ability to put into consideration social inequalities in relation to people who use and those who do not use the internet(Ali & Sinha, 2014). The digital divide refers to the rising gap between unfortunate societal members without access to internet.
The Impact of Technology on Epidemiology, Health and the Environment
Technology has far reaching impacts on health and environment. In regard to epidemiology, technology impacts the manner in which health professionals estimate the spread of diseases and health issues while determining their incidence as well as prevalence rates (Colvin, 2013). Regarding health and medicine, technology has enables the growth of human tissue from stem cells. New technological applications are also available to help in the detection of cancer cells while also helping the amputees to have a wide access to bionic limbs. Technology has also had bot negative and positive effects on the environment(Niosi & Reid, 2017). Advanced technologies used in mining have helped to improve the manner in which fuel can be detected from the environment and increase its access. However, a shift of a large amount of corn into fuel production industry would lead to depletion of food for human.
An Example of an Emerging Technology and its Potential benefits or Consequences for society
According toDreher (2015), the contemporary invention of the robotics in multiple fields of life can have far reaching positive and negative effects. For instance, robotics in the food industry will help in managing inventories to avoid food wastage as well as serving customers to reduce the long ques. In the manufacturing sector, robots can help in loading and offloading different products and ensuring appropriate packaging(Ali & Sinha, 2014). However, poorly programed robots can lead to major workplace accidents which may lead to death of employees as well as collapse of the entire business.
The continuous advancement in technology has far reaching impact on nearly all areas of life. The invention of the internet, personal computers, and the cell phones marks the most influential technological developments in the contemporary society. Nevertheless, human beings should be prepared to receive more technological improvements including the robots. However, organizational managers must understand the negative effects associated with these inventions and help in ensuring that their organizations continuously achieve the desired sustainable performance excellence.
Ali, A. & Sinha, D. K., (2014). Exploring the Opportunities and Challenges in Nanotechnology Innovation in India. Journal of Social Science for Policy Implications, 2(2), 227-251.
Colvin, V. (2013). The potential environmental impact of engineered nanomaterials. Nature Biotechnology, 21(10), 1166-1170.
Dreher, K. (2015). Health and Environmental Impact of Nanotechnology: Toxicological Assessment of Manufactured Nanoparticles. Toxicological Sciences, 77(1), 3-5.
Niosi, J. & Reid, S. (2017). Biotechnology and nanotechnology: science-based enabling technologies as windows of opportunity for LDCs? World Development, 35 (3), 426-438.