Spinal manipulative therapy

Spinal manipulative therapy.



Spinal manipulative therapy

Type of paper:

Article review


Health Care and Life Sciences: Health

Format or citation style:


Pages: 1

Deadline: 5hrs

Article Summary and Critical analysis

Paragraph 1: Brief intro (paragraph form)

Parag. 2: purpose of the study

The purpose of this study was to bla bla bla. (study design) The study was a prospective chort study)

describe the methods (2-3 sentences)


brief discussions (app. of results plus rewrite the abstract, critical analysis)

should be paragraph or 2


Older people experience a disabling condition that limits their physical activities and their life quality, the condition is known as Low Back Pain (LBP). Clinical trials conducted by doctors show that spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) results in an improvement in Medicare (Schulz et al., 2019). The effectiveness of adding SMT to the Home Exercise Program (HEP) is not apparent. In this paper, we will discuss the purpose of the study, the study design incorporated, and a brief description of the results obtained from the study.

Purpose of the study

            The purpose of this study is to conduct a randomized clinical trial (Schulz et al., 2019). The clinical trial assesses both long-term and short-term effectiveness of adding spinal manipulative therapy to HEP compared to conducting a HEP alone for individuals above the age of sixty-five years experiencing low back pain.

Study Design

            The study was a prospective cohort study, meaning that the study follows a group of individuals who have similar specific characteristics and factors (Schulz et al., 2019). The study incorporated a parallel-group randomized controlled trial design. The recruitment of participants was through community posters, newspaper advertisements, and direct mails. Screening of interested participants was done via telephone interviews, followed by a baseline evaluation.

Results Description

            Two hundred and forty-one participants were randomized, and among them, ninety-five present provided full primary outcome data. After the analysis, there was a small and statistically insignificant difference in group pain over the past year (Schulz et al., 2019). After treatment with both spinal manipulative therapy and home exercise programs, there was a thirty to forty percent reduction in pain severity. The most significant difference in the reduction of lower back pain severity was foe SMT+HEP over HEP alone.

Abstract and Critical analysis

            The main aim of conducting the study was to determine the long-term and short-term effectiveness of combining SPT with HEP. The parallel-group randomized controlled trial design was used to conduct the research. Among the 241 randomized participants, 230 provided complete primary outcome data (Schulz et al., 2019). In conclusion, adding SMT to HEP enhanced satisfaction with care for patients.


Schulz, C., Evans, R., Maiers, M., Schulz, K., Leininger, B., & Bronfort, G. (2019). Spinal manipulative therapy and exercise for older adults with chronic low back pain: a randomized clinical trial. Chiropractic & Manual Therapies, 27(1). doi: 10.1186/s12998-019-0243-1

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