Social Work Discussion Sample Essay Paper

Social Work Discussion Sample Essay Paper.

Social Work Sample Essay Paper

Category: Others

Learning Goal: I’m working on a social work report and need guidance to help me learn.

Write a 1,000-1,500-word paper about the role of managed care and integrated health system. Include and address the following in your paper:

  1. A key theorist and brief description of a behavioral therapy.
  2. A key theorist and brief description of cognitive therapy.
  3. A definition of managed care and a description of its purpose.
  4. A discussion of how behavioral and cognitive approaches fit into managed care.
  5. A minimum of three scholarly sources.This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.
  6. Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.

You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. Refer to the LopesWrite Technical Support articles for assistance.

Requirements: 1000-1500 words

Social Work

Student Name

Institutional Affiliation

Social Work Question

Managed and integrated health care system is an approach that aims to deliver efficient healthcare services to patients through channels that optimize the available and scarce resources in the health system. The development of this approach was instituted to meet the unmet economic need of a health care system and the social needs of the society. The main aim of a managed and integrated health care system is to transform and improve health care delivery. The system aims to solve fundamental community issues arising from health complications, including the cost of providing health care services and marginalization that leads to fragmented health care delivery challenges. The paper aims to discuss and describe behavioral therapy, cognitive therapy, managed care, and a description of its purpose and how cognitive and behavioral therapies fit in the health care system.

Key Theorist and Description of Behavioral Therapy

Behavior therapy was developed and disseminated by a United States psychologist knows as B.F.Skinner (Racine, 2021). The psychologist did his development of the theory with a psychological patient. Through this experience and his previous work on animal learning, he discovered that the rewarding system could resolve the establishment and elimination of response. In his theory, Skimmer noted a pattern of the reward system, giving rise to both in time and frequency, thus resulting in an overall reinforcement schedule. He also noted that there was a gradual change in perception and behavior of the intended outcome because of the scheduled reinforcement, leading to shaping the results. More studies in this theory have proven and emphasized the adaptive trait of the cognitive process.

Therefore, behavior therapy can be defined as a universal term for categories that treat psychological disorders. Behavioral therapy focuses on the identification and assists individuals who have potentially harmful psychological disorders. The main aspects that behavioral theory depends on are that all sorts of behaviors are acquired over a while, and unhealthy traits can be changed. Behavioral therapy aims to treat disorders such as anger, anxiety, and depression in individuals.

According to classification, behavioral therapy can be classified into cognitive behavioral therapy, structure desensitization, and aversion therapy. The treatment is essential in healing certain types of cognitive disorders such as bipolar disorder.  For instance, psychotherapy involves face-to-face interaction with a therapist where the therapist applies approaches such as managing the patient’s thoughts and perceptions; hence, this type of therapy is also useful in establishing healthy methods to deal with and fix mental problems.

 Key Theorist and Description of Cognitive Therapy

Cognitive therapy was deliberated to treat depression in individuals; however, it was extended and developed to treat other mental disorders, including anxiety, anorexia, post-traumatic stress, and drugs and substance abuse. The therapy is based on the theory that what people believe influences individual feelings, behavior, and reactions. Aaron Beck, who strongly believed that a person’s experiences lead to cognitions, developed the treatment (Attridge, 2020). The thoughts are directly correlated with schemas, which can be defined as central beliefs that have been developed during an individual’s early stages of life. The schemas determine our view about certain facts in the world and control our emotional states and behaviors toward things. Aaron furthers the theory by emphasizing that individuals who cause the cognitive disorder maintain negative attitudes and distorted modes of thinking.

Cognitive therapy is a kind of face-to-face conversation therapy that can treat individuals with mental disorders. The approach is based on human cognition, emotion, and individual behavior. In specific, the method deduces that unique thoughts determine our feelings.  The therapy focuses on helping individuals make interpretations of negative cognition that leads to distorted thinking (Weineland et al., 2020). The therapy resolves personal emotional and behavioral traits by diverting irrational thoughts and beliefs into more practicable, rational, and positive cognitions.

The approach requires the individual to challenge false and invalid beliefs through reality testing. The primary method applied in cognitive therapy is referred to as the ABC technique of irrational beliefs. The model involves steps, which involve event activation belief and consequences approach. In event activation, the first division involves recording or noting the event that leads to high emotions. The second column consists of the patient noting down the negative experiences in their lives, and the third involves describing the emotional dysfunction caused by event activation.

Definition of Managed Care and A Description of Its Purpose

Managed care is defined as a healthcare insurance cover that indentures with established and specific hospitals intending to cut down on the cost of health care services provided to patients (Trombetta, 2017). It is possible to create a legal contract between a health care provider, an insurance company, and a member to provide medical services at a relatively low cost through managed care. 

The purpose of managed health care is to benefit members by availing the patient of numerous available options for health bill coverage to reduce the cost incurred in treatment and drugs prescriptions. On managed health care, they reduce medicine costs since the system lowers drug costs incurred by an individual. Managed health care integrates the financing of health care services and dissemination to provide the members with preventive care and coordinated health provision care.

Discussion of How Behavioral and Cognitive Approaches Fit into Managed Care

The theories fit in managed care since they help patients replace negative and irrational cognitive with more rational and harmless cognitive. Moreover, the theories enable the patient to make clear decisions and thoughts and efficiently control their feelings and thoughts. The theories are applied depending on the illness that a particular patient is suffering. Through this theory, it is possible to connect how patients think and how they behave closely. Then approaches are useful in treating patient conditions such as depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and anxiety. To patients experiencing chronic pain, the theories can be used to treat the physical condition and help relieve such symptoms; this is efficient in managed health care services since it cuts down on drug costs (Zimmerman & Shaw, 2020). Cognitive and behavioral approaches help patients find new ways to behave by diversifying their mental patterns in managed health care. The unique designs help reduce stress, adapt to complicated issues and deal appropriately with grief.

The approaches also fit in managed care by providing pharmacological treatments, which help in treating disorders. The methods are vital since it has led to the development of strategies that treat opioid dependence. Through this approach, the managed health care can address numerous psychosocial problems and causes of experience to patients. The method also improves the patient’s capabilities to communicate their suffering effectively to the health care provider, and hence it has enhanced the quality of managed health care services provided. Despite that, the approach fits in managed health care by providing spiritual counseling to the patient; this helps the patients restore their hope for the hopeless and even understand that the pain they are suffering is not a punishment but just an illness. Also, the approaches help pervert thoughts to a patient who believes that their suffering may result from God’s punishment. The policies also provide a platform for counseling which assists the patient in managed care regain their value and belonging when ill. The patient’s pain is also recast, and its intensity eased, aiding the patient to fast recover through the process.   


Attridge, M. (2020). Internet-Based Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Employees with Anxiety, Depression, Social Phobia, or Insomnia: Clinical and Work Outcomes. SAGE Open10(1), 215824402091439. doi: 10.1177/2158244020914398

Zimmerman, M., & Shaw, G. (2020). Health information seeking behaviour: a concept analysis. Health Information & Libraries Journal37(3), 173-191. doi: 10.1111/hir.12287

Racine, T. (2021). The rhetorical use of B. F. Skinner in evolutionary psychology. Theory & Psychology, 095935432110303. doi: 10.1177/09593543211030342

Richman, R., & Lancaster, D. (2000). THE CLINICAL GUIDELINE PROCESS WITHIN A MANAGED CARE ORGANIZATION. International Journal Of Technology Assessment In Health Care16(04), 1061-1076. doi: 10.1017/s0266462300103125

Trombetta, W. (2017). Managed care Medicaid. International Journal Of Pharmaceutical And Healthcare Marketing11(2), 198-210. doi: 10.1108/ijphm-09-2016-0049

Weineland, S., Ribbegårdh, R., Kivi, M., Bygdell, A., Larsson, A., Vernmark, K., & Lilja, J. (2020). Transitioning from face-to-face treatment to iCBT for youths in primary care – therapists’ attitudes and experiences. Internet Interventions22, 100356. doi: 10.1016/j.invent.2020.100356

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