Shortage of nurses article with statistics.
nursing- healthcare related article with statistics
Type of paper:
Mathematics and Statistics
Format or citation style:
Deadline: 15 HOURS
Review of literature (3 pages)
· MUST define & operationalize all variables
o APA format
o Resources within 5 years
o Minimum references for this section 3
nursing research articles
the article used will be uploaded along with the previous parts of the paper.
REFERENCES MUST BE PEER-REVIEWED
Health Workers Shortage
The documentation of healthcare labor shortage in the United States has widened over the last few years. The rise in labor shortage is associated partially with the increase in population. The present health care labor force is aging, the US population is expected to increase by 18% as at 2030 and the senior population, those over 65years of age, is expected to triple by 20130 compared to the current population. These factors pose a risk in the increase of the healthcare labor force in the coming years.
Supply in The Health Care Workforce
The current healthcare population is aging and heading to retirement (Buchan, Twigg, Dussault, Duffield & Stone, 2015). Therefore, the workforce is being replaced with the younger generation to fill in the gaps. Contrary to the older generation who worked full time and dedicated their lives to the provision of healthcare services, the young generation prefers working part-time. Others work as specialists and only conduct the less demanding medical responsibilities. The difference between the priorities and commitment to the healthcare sector creates a deficit in the healthcare supply.
Demand in The Health Care Workforce
The demand for the health care services have been on the rise for the last decade and is expected to rise further in the coming decades. The population growth in the US has been estimated to be 25 million people each decade with the number of the elderly population expected to rise. The changes come with high expectations from the healthcare specialists. For instance, the elderly persons require twice as many physicians visit as the rest of the population.
Health Care Operators
The statistics from the Bureau of labor predict that jobs in the healthcare sector will grow twice as those in the non-health care sector within the next decade. The healthcare sector employs different professionals from physicians, nurses to home health aides. It is clear that more professionals will be required to meet the increasing demand. The training of the professionals is a crucial factor in ensuring the demand is met. While some of the health professionals such as a nurse aides and home health aides require low levels of training and education, the physicians spend most of their time in schools. They spend between 10 and 16 years of training and education to attain the required standards. Many students, therefore, prefer other courses that take shorter time of training. However, the imbalance between the supply and demand can be sought out through increased labor productivity, advancements in technology, reforms in the learning institutions and improved skills delivery for the students (Liu, Goryakin, Maeda, Bruckner & Scheffler, 2017)
Shortage of Physicians
The health specialties across the health sector have recorded shortages of physicians despite the increase in medical school enrollment. It was anticipated that between 2002 and 2012, the enrolment would increase by 21% that would see a rise in the number of physicians in the health sector. However, the number of physicians increased by 8% between 2002 and 2008. In a survey involving surgeons, over 50% planned on taking specialized training but only 15% of those who took the course planned on joining in the workforce as general surgeons (Institute of Medicine (US), 2018). The specialists are confronting high insurance premiums.
Projections indicated that there would have been a shortage of full-time physicians of between 124,000 and 160,000 by 2015. An illustration is captured below.
Given the prediction, it is clear that the shortage cannot be only tackled out through training o new physicians.
Shortage of Nurses
The nurses play a crucial role in the healthcare sector. Therefore, shortage of nurses is problematic in the healthcare cycle. There is an indication of a shortage of professional nurses facilitated by various factors. The changes in the average age for the nursing staff indicate the low numbers of young nursing professionals in the sector. A study conducted to compare the average age indicated that in 2004 the average age for the nurses was 46.8 years while in 2008 it was 47 years. The young nurses spent less time in the sector as most of them opted to do other jobs away from the nursing field. The level of entry of nurses in the healthcare labor force has been declining compared to the increasing demand for the nursing services. The demand for nurses is expected to be over a million to fill the new vacancies and replace those who left by the retiring. However, the vacancy rates for nurses are expected to drop as time progress due to the economic slump. When the registered nurses are offered higher wages, they are willing to join the labor force and even work for longer hours. When the unemployment rate is high, the registered nurses take up the available vacancies to better their living standards (Lasala, 2017). However, when the overall earnings and employment are high, the employed nurses offer their services fewer hours and while some resign their jobs.
Shortage of Allied Healthcare Professionals
The healthcare workforce is made up of 60% of the allied health professionals. The aides help the physicians and nurses to provide effective services. The workforce has been experiencing shortages, and the shortages are expected to increase in the future. For instance, the US needed at least 81,000 clinical laboratory technologists to cover the gaps left by the retirees and 68, 000 to fill in the new demand in 2015 (Institute of Medicine (US), 2018). The shortages have been associated with the inadequate education and training programs across the laboratory and radiology fields.
In conclusion, the healthcare sector is experiencing shortages, and the trend will go on in the next few decades. The shortages have been associated with factors such as economic trends, training of students and availability of educational programs.
Buchan, J., Twigg, D., Dussault, G., Duffield, C., & Stone, P. (2015). Policies to sustain the nursing workforce: an international perspective. International Nursing Review, 62(2), 162-170. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/inr.12169
Institute of Medicine (US), N. (2018). Ensuring Quality Cancer Care through the Oncology Workforce: Sustaining Care in the 21st Century: Workshop Summary. Supply and Demand in the Health Care Workforce. Ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. Retrieved 12 March 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK215247/
Lasala, K. (2017). Nursing workforce issues in rural and urban settings: Looking at the difference in recruitment, retention, and distribution. Online Journal of Rural Nursing and Health Care, 1(1), 8-24.
Liu, J., Goryakin, Y., Maeda, A., Bruckner, T., & Scheffler, R. (2017). Erratum to: Global Health Workforce Labor Market Projections for 2030. Human Resources for Health, 15(1). http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12960-017-0193-4