Memory System Sample Essay

Memory System Sample Essay.

Memory System Sample Essay

                                                             MEMORY SYSTEM EXAM

  1. Memory is involved in____ vast amount of ____.
  • True or False? Without a memory of the past we cannot operate in the present.
  • The three stages of memory is ________, ________, _________.
  •  What are ways information could be encoding?
  1. Semantic
  2. Visual
  3. Acoustic
  4. All the above
  • What are ways you can encode information?
  • What is the principle encoding system in long term memory?
  • visual
  • A, B, C
  • Semantic coding
  • Acoustic
  • Define memory retrieval?

        8.What are two memories inverted in memory retrieval?

          9.True or False? STM (short term memory) is stored and refereed by association.

          10. True or false? You can organize information in sequences.

Short-term memory[edit]

Main article: Short-term memory

Short-term memory is also known as working memory. Short-term memory allows recall for a period of several seconds to a minute without rehearsal. Its capacity, however, is very limited. In 1956, George A. Miller (1920–2012), when working at Bell Laboratories, conducted experiments showing that the store of short-term memory was 7±2 items. (Hence, the title of his famous paper, “The Magical Number 7±2.”) Modern estimates of the capacity of short-term memory are lower, typically of the order of 4–5 items;[26] however, memory capacity can be increased through a process called chunking.[27] For example, in recalling a ten-digit telephone number, a person could chunk the digits into three groups: first, the area code (such as 123), then a three-digit chunk (456), and, last, a four-digit chunk (7890). This method of remembering telephone numbers is far more effective than attempting to remember a string of 10 digits; this is because we are able to chunk the information into meaningful groups of numbers. This is reflected in some countries’ tendencies to display telephone numbers as several chunks of two to four numbers.

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