Identifying the challenge in Criminal Justice

Identifying the challenge. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.. •Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the students name, the professors name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.. The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are: •Explain how historical analysis informs the context of policy or situations.. •Use technology and information resources to research issues in criminal justice.. •Write clearly and concisely about criminal justice using proper writing mechanics.

Identifying the challenge





The recidivism rate of released criminals is the primary prison system’s concern. It is a vital measure used by the prison system to reintegrate criminals securely into the public (Cook et al. 2015). Several programs are formulated to help prisoners to cope up with their day-to-day activities in the jail as well as assist them in adapting in public immediately they are unconfined. Since 2013, the analysis indicates that 75 percent of the former prisoners re-entered prison after 2-3 years. In the criminal system of justice, the extreme rate of recidivism is the distressing matter regardless of the nongovernment and government firm’s effort to eradicate it. This has raised the need for further analysis mainly on the programs of rehabilitation and the return efficiency, comprising mental health as well as physical exploitation therapy programs useful in minimizing recidivism. The highest need for criminogenic concerning the offenders’ identification is entrenched into further modernized therapy programs. The strategies create room for resource addition. This encourages active return as well as helping in the proper training of mental health experts, communal leaders, and officers of probation. These people play a role in assisting former prisoners to become good citizens (Freudenberg et al. 2010). The study will also offer a debate about the importance of carrying out the research, and the study’s delimitations, assumptions, and limitations.

Essentially, the main task undertaken by this study is to provide empirically-built, evidential and triangulated studies regarding re-entry programs. The study is based on US Prisons and  Penitentiary studies which critique the effectiveness of Re-entry Programs from criminological and reformative perspective. Notably, in the unpalatable truth, that re-entry programs had not reformed released prisoners. But, on the other hand, have contributed to alarming increases in recidivism or the return of prisoners back to prisons within 3-5  years after their release thus nullifying the very purpose of such Programs (Cole, Smith, & DeJong, 2018).Over the previous years, the number of prisoners has decreased, while the recidivism problem is still a challenge in the prison system even after the release of the inmates. Thus the high rate of recidivism remains the most significant barrier in the criminal system of justice, in spite of the efforts made by the government in preparing inmates for rehabilitation into the community as well as becoming good residents. Various aspects, for instance, services for mental health, education, physical abuse treatment and employment to a more significant extent, may influence recidivism between former prisoners. In most cases, the perception of the society about former prisoners is to ensure the unconfined criminals maintain their lives directions (Cook et al. 2015). Characteristically, life limitations, as well as employment, influence the life navigation of released criminals. Identifying the challenge

The primary target of rehabilitation agendas, as well as prisoner re-entry, is to provide criminals with the direction and support they require (Cole, Smith, & DeJong, 2018). Some of the particular factors of rehabilitation agendas or prisoner re-entry that are active and proficient in meeting recidivism needs are being identified by most of the researcher. For example, treatment of mental health house assistance, work placement and training as well as severe drug treatment, despite the rising rate of recidivism. Consequently, carrying out this study will enable the researcher to explore two groups of people, including non-recidivist and former recidivist criminals. This will as well assist the investigator in determining if therapy care can perhaps help the expected re-entry prisoners and evade recidivism (Cook et al. 2015).This study covers some of the programs and resource that may be helpful to active re-entry. It also offers significant assistance to prison officials, public leaders, managers of re-entry program and forensic consultants in discovering the criminogenic needs of released prisoners and factors of risk on the Service Inventory-Revised assessment level abbreviated as LSI-R, as well as risk levels of recidivism. The Risk-Needs Responsivity is a philosophy regarding the empirically-authenticated psychosomatic concept. It accentuates on the acknowledgment of an individual and the normative rehabilitation framework as well as asserting the validity and significance of services for preventing the act of breaking the law (Freudenberg et al. 2010). The LSI-R valuation implementation in consort with the criminogenic needs of the criminals as well as risk aspects of dynamic throughout the planning of the treatment might consent inmate justice. Community rehabilitation may change the behaviour of the criminal before re-entry.  

The therapist specialism, especially in the forensic population, is the current demand. Nevertheless, the Council for Accreditation of Counselling and Related Educational Programs of 2016 failed to acknowledge documentation training mainly in the forensic therapy field (Cook et al. 2015). Some of the therapy programs offered in forensics comprising personal psychotherapy, assessment, and intake, addiction therapy, group therapy as well as treatment and diagnosis planning are addressed in the overall therapist training curricula. In addition to that, there are other services, for example, mental health policy awareness, specialist forensic evidence, understanding mental health firms, and judicial functions, ambiguity concerning privacy as well as Incompetency to Stand Trial that can negatively impact the unacquainted, unqualified criminological therapist.Identifying the challenge


Cole, G. F., Smith, C. E., & DeJong, C. (2018). The American system of criminal justice. Cengage Learning.Identifying the challenge

Cook, P. J., Kang, S., Braga, A. A., Ludwig, J., & O’Brien, M. E. (2015). An experimental evaluation of a comprehensive employment-oriented prisoner re-entry program. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 31(3), 355-382.

Freudenberg, N., Ramaswamy, M., Daniels, J., Crum, M., Ompad, D. C., & Vlahov, D. (2010). Reducing drug use, human immunodeficiency virus risk, and recidivism among young men leaving jail: Evaluation of the REAL MEN re-entry program. Journal of Adolescent Health, 47(5), 448-455.

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