Health Care and Life Sciences : Nursing

Health Care and Life Sciences : Nursing.

#150906902

Topic:

epidemiology event

Type of paper:

Essay (any type)

Discipline:

Health Care and Life Sciences : Nursing

Format or citation style:

APA

Pages: 2

Deadline: 7hrs

please see attach file.. i need 2 references .

Whooping Cough

Whooping cough is an infectious bacterial illness that affects the respiratory passages. Its name came from the recurring spasms of coughing that are noted by a high pitched ‘whoop’ sound when breathing deeply after a coughing spell. Initially, its symptoms are similar to that of the common cold and they take up to ten days or longer to appear. The coughs then turn into coughing spell with a whooping sound as the infected person tries to breathe in. the cough is usually dry prompting its recurrence. It is easily passed on through the air when an infected person breathes, sneezes or even coughs. Before a vaccine was made for it, whooping cough was termed as a childhood disease. Currently, it affects children who are too young to have gone through the complete course of immunizations, teenagers, and even grown-ups whose immunity has deteriorated.

Despite the increased use of its vaccines in the world, in recent year’s whooping cough has made an alarming comeback. However, there has been a great resurgence case of the disease being reported which could be due to the changes in the vaccine and the weakening of immunity. The World Health Organization has also estimated it to be one of the top causes of illness and death. Additionally, there is an increase in its prevalence in infants and children. In June 2014, an epidemic of the same arose in California with other states like Vermont, Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Washington having reported it prior. Reported cases of whooping cough in the United States are varying from year to year and they tend to hit the peak every few years. This pattern is not understandable and it is therefore important to be up to date with the recommended whooping cough vaccines.     

The most effective way to prevent whooping cough is getting vaccinated and keeping babies and adults who are at a high risk of getting infected away from the infected people. In the United State, the vaccine is known DTaP which is a combination of protection against three diseases, namely diphtheria, tetanus, and whooping cough. The whooping cough vaccine just like the infection, it does not give fulltime protection. Its immunity fades away after close to ten years after the last immunization. 

If there is an outbreak, as an individual you should make sure that you and your loved ones are up to date with the recommended vaccines. For women, it is equally important to get vaccinated especially if you are pregnant. For a health care provider, it is important to understand the prevalence rates in a given region and the public health risks when coming up with policies. Additionally, they should notify schools and daycares of the illness and go ahead to evaluate children who go-ahead to develop a cough. It is also their responsibility to report the arising cases of whooping cough cases to the local health department (Cunha & Perlstein, 2019).

Preventing whooping cough can start by being aware of how young children usually contract the bacterium which is mostly from family members. The bacterium can possibly live in the human respiratory tract without knowledge of the infected person. For teens and adults who missed the TDaP vaccine, they should get one or even a booster irrespective of the previous vaccine date. That is, whether you got the vaccine as a child or whether you have been sick with whooping cough in the past (Oliviero, 2018).  

References

Cunha, P. J. & Perlstein, D. (2019). Whooping Cough (Pertussis), Retrieved from

https://www.emedicinehealth.com/whooping_cough_pertussis/article_em.htm#whooping_cough_pertussis_facts

Oliviero, H. (2018). Why whooping cough is making a comeback, Retrieved from

https://medicalxpress.com/news/2018-09-whooping-comeback.html

Browse more products here

Order Here

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.