Erik Erikson Psychosocial Development Activity.
Erik Erikson Psychosocial Development Activity
Type of paper:
Psychology and Education: Psychology
Format or citation style:
Part 1. Complete the worksheets attached to this activity.
Part 2 – Group application assignment –
Each of the situations in Part 2 (worksheet) represents a negative outcome of one of Erik Erikson’s Psychosocial Stages. Your group has been assigned #6 of the situations. For your assigned situation:
1. Identify which psychosocial stage was not successfully resolved and consequently resulted in the behavior(s) described in your example.
2. Speculate what circumstances may have created the negative outcome. Additionally, identify and describe what behaviors might have created a positive outcome of that same stage.
Here are a few resources to use
Schultz, D.P. and S.E. Schultz. (2017). Theories of personality (11th Ed.)
- Trust versus Mistrust (Hope) Utterly of an infant is dependent on the parents and caregiver. Parents and caregivers who do not provide adequate love and care make children feel that they cannot trust or depend upon them (Chung, 2018). Children who fail to develop trust are full of fear and disbelief and otherwise, feel secure and safe.
- Autonomy Versus Shame (Will) Children cannot develop a hundred percent trust or doubt, and they have to find a striking balance between the two. When children acquire a balance between the two, they acquire hope. Hope is described as an openness to experiences.
- Initiative Versus Guilt (Purpose) Children at this development start to assess their powers to have control over their interactions socially. At this stage, children can identify and unlock their capabilities to lead others, and those who fail in doing so are full of guilt and self-doubt.
- Industry Versus Inferiority (Competence/Self-Esteem) at this development stage, children develop pride in the capabilities and accomplishments (Chung, 2018). Parents encourage their children to develop feelings of belief and competence, those who do not encouragement grow doubting their abilities for success.
- Identity Versus Identity Diffusion (Sense of Self) this stages occurs in turbulent teenage years. During this development stage, teenagers develop a sense of personal identity. Sense of identity developed influences their behavior for the rest of their lives. Teenagers who receive a lot of encouragement during this stage emerge with a strong sense of self and control while those who are unsure of their identity and receive no encouragement fell confused about themselves and feel insecure.
- Intimacy Versus Isolation (Love) The development stage occurs during early childhood when exploring relationships. Development of strong personal skills requires a great sense of personal identity. Those people who have poor self-sense end up being in isolation, and others are engaged in less committed relationships.
- Generativity Versus Self-Absorption (Care) Care is the virtue achieved when individuals handle this development stage successfully (Chung, 2018). Those who succeed in this stage contribute to the world by being active members of society.
- Integrity Versus Despair (Wisdom) at this psychosocial development stage, adults reflect on life identifying all the events they were involved in and determine whether they are happy and satisfies or if they are full of regrets. Those who are unsuccessful in this stage are left with feelings of despair and bitterness.
- The psychosocial development stage that was not successfully resolved in situation six industry versus inferiority. He is unable to cope up with the new social and academic demands. He lacks both initiative and creativity skills which may seem as failures resulting in feelings of inferiority. Lack of proper encouragement from peers, parents, and teachers could have contributed to a sense of doubts for success in group work participation. Joe is probably hesitant to take chances and try new things because he is afraid of failure.
- Success in his academic work can lead to a sense of self-competence. Finding a proper balance between social and academic demands might help Joe find perform better in group discussions. It is through social interaction with fellow students that Joe would develop a sense of pride in his academic accomplishments. Proper encouragement from peers, teachers, and parents helped Joe develop a belief in his abilities to complete tasks assigned. Through this, Joe world be able to participate in group discussions and come up with ideas of learning projects without having to ask for assistance.
Chung, D. (2018). The Eight Stages of Psychosocial Protective Development: Developmental Psychology. Journal Of Behavioral And Brain Science, 08(06), 369-398. doi: 10.4236/jbbs.2018.86024