Early Childhood Sample Essay Paper.
Welcome to discussion board #4! Our content this week will be covering Chapter 4: Early Childhood.
The physical, cognitive, and socioemotional development during the ages of two to six are some of the most pivotal years in the life of a human being. This time period represents a period of continued rapid growth, especially in the areas of language and cognitive development. Those in early childhood begin to pursue a variety of activities that reflect their personal interests. External influences begin to enter the child’s life such as teachers and peers.
- Try to remember your own personal early years between 2 to 6 years old. As your personality developed, what did you find yourself interested in? Curious about? Did you remain interested in these typs(s) of things? Why or why not?
- Lev Vygotsky (page 126) theorized that culture has a major impact on a child’s cognitive development. Have you seen this to be true? Have you observed children (ages 2 to 6 years old) in different cultures? Did you notice a difference in their cognitive development?
- Read the section “Children’s Understanding of the World” at the top of page 131. Would you consider yourself more of a cognitive constructivist (Piaget) or a social constructivist (Vygotsky)? Why? Is either perspective more fitting for our western world?
I look forward to reading your responses! You will need to make an initial post (at least 500 words) to the assigned prompt. In addition, you will need 3 responses (at least 200 words each) to your fellow classmates in order to receive full credit. http://dept.clcillinois.edu/psy/LifespanDevelopmen…
AND RESPONSES ARE NEEDED FOR 3 DISCUSSION BOARDS. I ATTACHED THOSE IN WORD DOCUMENT.
Title of the paper
I have very few memories from my early childhood, and most of them are pieced from conversations with my parents and relatives. According to my parents, I was a very curious child interested in several things and continuously asking questions about everything. However, one of my primary interests was astronomy, and I would often spend hours in the night stargazing. I was very curious about the universe and what existed outside the earth. The love for the universe beyond resulted in my parents and me watched several documentaries on the universe and its origins. During this age, I often dreamt of becoming an astronaut to explore space and discover its secrets. My passion for stargazing also made my parents decorate my room with glow-in-the-dark stars for the nights I couldn’t watch the stars outside. However, as I grew up, I developed other interests and became curious about other things. Therefore, although I still enjoy conversations about astronomy, it is no longer one of my significant interests.
I think culture plays a significant role in a child’s cognitive development. Different aspects of certain cultures make the child improve various abilities such as problem solving and memorization. According to Vygotsky, a child’s cognitive development is socially constructed and guided (Armstrong, 2019). Therefore, cognitive abilities such as learning, memory attention, and problem-solving can vary based on the child’s social environment (Lally & Valentine-French, 2019). I have observed this to be true through interaction with a German friend. Although it may not be the practice in German culture, my friend’s household encouraged the culture of reading. They also encouraged the culture of questioning, continuously assisting the children in solving various challenges they encountered. Unlike most houses where the living room has a television set, they had a library. Consequently, my friend has developed the habit of reading as a hobby. The reading culture has resulted in him developing outstanding memorization and problem-solving skills. By the time he was eight, he could solve a Rubik’s cube and had memorized several digits of pie. In comparison to his peers, the child learns faster and thus takes a really short time to understand new concepts. The memorization and learning skills have resulted in him continuously maintaining his position as the best student in his class. Therefore, although one cannot quantify to what amount their family’s culture has played a role in his cognitive abilities, it is evident that it has significantly contributed to his impressive cognitive abilities
Although social interactions play a role in a child’s development, I am more of a cognitive constructivist. Cognitive constructivism places the individual at the center of sourcing knowledge(Lally & Valentine-French, 2019). Therefore, an individual’s efforts at sourcing knowledge are more likely to determine their cognitive development than their social interactions (Sönmez, 2019). I support cognitive constructivism primarily because growing up; I had minimal social interactions outside the school environment. However, my minimal social interactions have not affected my cognitive development. I also think cognitive constructivism is better for western society as it encourages self-reliance and independence. The child, therefore, grows to be self-sustaining and makes an extra effort at acquiring the relevant knowledge
Armstrong, F. (2019). Social constructivism and action research. Action Research for Inclusive Education, 5-16. Doi:10.4324/9781351048361-2
Lally, M., & Valentine-French, S. (2019). Lifespan development: A psychological perspective.
Sönmez, H. (2019). Prospective teachers’ activity designing skills in accordance with cognitive constructivism strategies. Journal of Qualitative Research in Education, 7(4), 1-24. Doi:10.14689/issn.2148-2624.1.7c.4s.16m