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Dreyfus Model of Skill Acquisition Essay

Dreyfus Model of Skill Acquisition Essay.

Dreyfus Model of Skill Acquisition Essay

b  Benner’s Seven Domains Chart

Nursing DomainsDefinition from BennerExample from Personal PracticeHow will you improve your practice in these areas?
The Helping RoleCatering for a patient’s physical, emotional and spiritual needs to make the patient as comfortable as possibleAdjusting the bed of an elderly female patient to alleviate pain on pressure points and prevent pressure soresBy adequately assessing my patients needs and acting promply to offer appropriate intervention
The Teaching/Coaching FunctionEducating the patient and relatives on the illness, the treatment and anticipated outcomes in a manner that conforms to ethical practice and their cultural and spiritual belives. Teaching a congestive heart failure patient on the need to limit salt and intake together with the importance of compliance to medication.    By exapanding my knowledge on patient care in order to be able to offer informed advise.
The Diagnostic and Patient Monitoring FunctionThis involves carrying out investigative procedures such as history taking, physical examination, carrying out invasive and non-invasive methods to arrive at a provisional diagnosis andformualte a personalized plan of care.Performing serial measurements of blood pressure on amiddle aged female patient to investigate for hypertention control and revise the goals for treatment.By taking only those investigations that would change the patients plan of care rather than subject my patient to unnecessary investigations.
Management of Rapidly Changing SituationsThis involves assessing current situations of the patient and carrying out priority actions during emergencies.Performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation to a heart failure patient under cardiac arrest.By keeping algorithms essential for emergency situations closer for easy reference. 
Nursing DomainsDefinition from BennerExample from Personal PracticeHow will you improve your practice in these areas?
Administering and Monitoring Therapeutic Interventions and RegimensThis involves carrying out the actions such as administration of medication, meant to alleviate the disease conditionGiving a subcutaneous injection of regular insulin to a male patient with diabetes mellitus type IIBy adequately performing assessment on my patients to evaluate for response to mediaction and detect adverse reactions.
Monitoring and Ensuring the Quality of Health Care PracticesThis involves safeguarding working environment to maintain patient safty and that of fellow workers.Reporting a gas leak in the life support machine.By always assessing the functioning of equipment before using it. By maintaining an asceptic working environment.
Organizational and Work Role CompetenciesThios involves m,aintainin ethics of practice, following institutional rules and reaglautiuons and interdisciplinary collaborations.Following protocol during consultation for a surgical patient with the complications of wound healing.Upholding the hospital rules and regulations regarding patient referral.

Dreyfus Model of Skill Acquisition.

Dreyfuls describes five steps in the acquisition skills. These steps follow in a sequencial process that prove the leve of skill. The first level is that of a novice who maily learns through observation and instructions. A novice follows rules given to them by an instructor to perform tasks. After this, a novice graduates into an advanced beginnerwho usually possesses more knowledge on the field and has more practical understanding. From this level, a practioner rises to the level of a competent performer. At this level one is able to synthesise information and analyze situations based on experience background.

The proficient practioner draws conclusions based on their experience which is wider than that of a competent worker. From this grade, a worker elevates to the expert level at which an individual’s actions are guided by intuition and seeing a situation as a whole rather than tackling different components separately (Dreyfuls, 1986).

Differences Between Practical and Theoretical Knowledge

Practical knowledge is learned in the field of work while an individual learns how to perform a task. Theoretical knowledge on the other hand is obtained from books and answers the question ‘why?’ When one attains practical knowledge, they gain the ability to do a given activity. Theoretical knowledge only helps one to perceive how activities are done but such a person lacks the experience of doing such a task. In order for someone with theoretical knowledge to perform a duty, they must depend on reflections of the concepts but an individual with practical knowledge intuitively does tasks.

         References

Benner, P., & Wrubel, J. (2001). The primacy of caring: Stress and coping in health and illness.

(N. Evans, Ed.). Menlo Park, CA: Addison-Wesley

Benner, P. (1984). From novice to expert: Excellence and power in clinical nursing practice. Menlo Park, CA: Addison-Wesley.

Dreyfus, H. L., Dreyfus E. & Tom A.,  (1986). Mind over machine : the power of human intuition and expertise in the era of  the computer. New York: Free Press

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