Critical analysis of the poems paper

Critical analysis of the poems paper.



Compare and contrast some of the poems from this week’s readings or the poet you selected for part 1 of the forum. You may compare poems from a single poet, or compare poems across poets. Have a debatable, persuasive claim and focus on specific points of

Type of paper:

Essay (any type)


English and Literature: Literature

Format or citation style:


Pages: 6

Deadline: 5hrs 30 minutes

CPP: 300

Your essays should be in MLA Style and approximately 1500-2000 words, not including the Work(s) Cited page. Meeting the minimum word requirement makes you eligible for a C grade. Meeting the maximum word requirements makes you eligible for an A grade. As with most academic writing, this essay should be written in third person. Please avoid both first person (I, we, our, etc.) and second person (you, your).

In the upper left-hand corner of the paper, place your name, the professor’s name, the course name, and the due date for the assignment on consecutive lines. Double space your information from your name onward, and don’t forget a title. All papers should be in Times New Roman font with 12-point type with one-inch margins all the way around your paper. All paragraph indentations should be indented five spaces (use the tab key) from the left margin. All work is to be left justified. When quoting lines in literature, please research the proper way to cite short stories, plays, or poems.

Compare and contrast some of the poem ‘after making love in winter’ and ‘the planned child’ poems from this week reading


 One of the definable characteristics of poetry is the economy of language. Poets usually select words concisely and with clarity. Poetry is evocative in the leader’s emotion, joy, anger, love. It also predominantly uses imagery which appeals to the senses. Poems also contain figurative language which includes, metaphor, personification, hyperbole. Poems also have rhythm, rhyme, and sounds, for example, assonance, alliteration, consonance, onomatopoeia.


Critical analysis of the poems

Things to consider will be themes, attitudes and tones, language, rhythm, persona, imagery, and structure.

‘Making love in winter’.

This poem deeply analyses the emotional and spiritual results of intimacy and sexual arts. Speaker is finding herself journeying through emotional changes following a sexual encounter rather than focusing on emotional or physical pleasure. The persona is seeing herself awakened at the end of the journey yet does not find herself more obsessed with her lover. This poem enforces on the idea of intimacy, which has personal consequences and is not the biblical union of souls. There are feminist components in this area, this include the denial of stigma on the acceptance of female pleasure and sexual power

The persona in this poem is a mature woman who is experienced in the world of sex and intimacy. She acknowledges sexual pleasure rather that seeing it as unacceptable way of committing culturally immoral sin. She is talking to her sexual partner who can be identified as a lover by how she caresses speakers face ‘like God / putting the finishing touches’. This character has a “warm large and dry hands” which can be used to interpret who he or she is. The lover hands are dry instead of perspiring one would expect after a sexual encounter. They had been comfortably lying together for a while. The speaker feels as she is ‘flying rapidly without moving which literally shows that she is overwhelmed with sensation and emotions. She feels a plate of iron is lied on her nerve because she is trapped within her mind wondering how to react, and thinking how her lover feels. She finally to a resolution because she spent the bulk relaxing herself by observing the ‘straight lines’, ‘calm’, ‘angles of the room. Female reproductive organs are mentioned. The persona compares her own ovaries with ‘silvery bulbs. She again validates her experiences in sexuality by allowing herself to feel that both are beautiful and fragile. The speaker had to ‘come to the end of questions’ meaning that she had left behind confusion for a life of serenity, enlighten, and satiation of curiosity.

‘The planned child’

The poem narrates of how the speaker hated her mothers’ decision to have a planned birth. In the first stanza she explains how her mother ‘had taken cardboards and made chart of the month and put her temperature on it, rising and falling, to know the day to make him’. The writer had always wanted to be conceived’ in heat, in haste, by mistake, in love, in sex, not on cardboard’. The writer expresses the strong bond between mother and her child which made the persona happy’ but when you were pouring blood on this earth, that rides us into this life, and you could tell I had been the child you wanted. Also the personas mother expressed love to her child even though she was not a planned child “world could not be enough for her without me in it, not the moon, the sun, the stars, Orion cartwheeling easily across the dark not even the earth, the sea, none of it was enough for her without me”


A theme is a subject of a talk

    Both ‘after making love in winter and ‘the planed child ‘poems the main theme is love for example in ‘Making love in the winter’ the writer is talking about making love in winter and after that the persona in the poem is stuck in love imaginations and world of intimacy. While in’ The planned child’ the persona of the poem is talking about the love the mother gave to the planned child was great and that world was not enough without that child. Both poems have a theme sexual immorality; In ‘making love in the winter’ the persona focuses on this sexual arts and intimacy by acknowledging the sexual pressure of a woman. In ‘the planned child’ persona is talking about the unplanned pregnancy which was caused by protected sex. There is a theme of fantasy in poem ‘making love in the winter’ where the persona thinks about love and sex yet she is not together with her lover. There is a theme of care in ‘The planned child’ where a mother to this unplanned child cares about that child and cannot live without it.

The persona in ‘the planned child’ is a child while in ‘After Making love in winter ‘is a mature woman who loves sex and is comfortable in committing immoral behaviours. Three is a theme of religion in poem ‘making love in winter (Mauermann el al, 153).’ where the persona says that she is able to accept God like affection of her lover. There is also a theme of change in where the persona leaves behind confusion of intimacy and embraces spiritual experience that ended with and overwhelming calm with herself. There is a theme of change in ‘The planned child’ where the persona finally agreed that he or she was born on clipboard and said that her mother could not have leaved without him whether sun, moon, or stars were there or not.


A structure is a formation of functions like rhyme

    In both poems there is no set of rhyme patterns.

 Both poems have repetition of words in ‘poem Making love in winter’ the word ‘over’ have been repeated in line twenty-five, in’ poem the ‘The planned child’ the word ‘I always’ have been repeated in line one and six. Number of words in a line in both poems are different. In ‘Making love in winter’ has only one stanza while ‘The planned child’ which has two stanzas. There is a simile in ‘The planned child’ in sentence’ the wine red as the gritty clay of this earth’ while in ‘Making love in the winter’ there is no simile. There is an alliteration in ‘Making love in the winter’ in line six ‘cool- cold’ while in ‘The planned child’ there is no alliteration of words. Both poems have assonance; in ‘The planned child’ there is word ‘moon’ and in ‘Making love in winter’ there is word ‘good’( Mauermann el al, 153). Both poems are written in clearly recognisable form and one can understand it easily. ‘Making love in winter’ has 27 lines while ‘The planned child’ has 25 lines each with different number of syllables. Both poem have the same author Sharon Old, there is a metaphor in ‘Making love in winter’ which is ‘plate of iron’ while ‘The planned child’ does not have. There is onomatopoeia in ‘The planned child’ which is ‘cartwheeling’. While ‘Making love in winter’ does not have.

Tone and attitudes

Both poems have cheerful and delightful tone in ‘Making love in winter’ the persona mother is delightful and cheerful for giving birth and that she cannot live without it similarly to ‘The planned child’ where the persona is seeing everything is good and clear when she thinks about sex. Both poems are similar because the poet is using imagery to express love

Unlike in ‘Making love in winter’, ‘The planned child’ is showing the dissatisfaction of the situation and hatred for example the persona is saying ‘I always hated the way they planned me, I always wanted to be conceived in heat, haste’.

In ‘Making love in winter’ the speaker is overwhelmed with sensations. She feels ‘a plate of/ iron is laid down on my nerves’. She is trapped in her mind wondering how to react, pondering how her lover feels. She says ‘we have come to the end of questions in ‘The planned child’


There is an imagery in ‘The planned child’ which is ‘I took the wine into my mouth like my mother’s blood, as I had ridden down toward the light with my lips pressed against side of that valve in her body. There is also an imagery in ‘Making love in winter’ which is “gaze at the slippery bulbs, maybe aim looking at my ovaries, it is clean, I look at it real and good’ also ‘around the door loose in its frame, light from the hall burns like straight lines and casts out narrow beams on the ceiling, a figure throwing up in its arm for joy (Mkandawire,37) . In the mirror angle of room are calm “This helps us to create a clear picture of how the situation was like.


Both poems have imagery, themes, tone and attitudes, assonance and alliteration, have onomatopoeia and language. The two poems were able to express different themes and also similar theme. The themes include, love, religion, immorality. Poems have the same author but they have different moods and tones. Imagery were also present in both poems which revealed truth about the nature for example in ‘After Making love in winter’ one can create an image of how the room was like Both poems were also able to evaluate language, style and format for example ‘the planned child ‘poem have 2 stanzas with different number of syllables. ‘After making love in winter’ poem is broader than just committing sexual act. It is about making sin or participating in guilty pleasures of life. This poem fights against the idea that cultural and religious norms should govern one lifestyle rather than doing what makes one happy. It also showed women that most of norms were constructed to control      them andpower and thatthey should tear that power bank and hold it confidently. Also it reaches out to people who feel oppressed by moral cultural standards that are not beneficial. In ‘The planned child’ conclusions is that the writer agreed on how he or she was born and the conditions that was born in as his or her mother loved him or her so much.

Work cited

Gervás, Pablo. “Template-free construction of rhyming poems with thematic cohesion.” Proceedings of the Workshop on Computational Creativity in Natural Language Generation (CC-NLG 2017). 2017.

Mkandawire, Sitwe Benson. “Literacy versus Language: Exploring their Similarities and Differences.” Journal of Lexicography and Terminology 2.1 (2018): 37-55.

                        Song, C. (2015). Tonal Contrast in Early Pentasyllabic Poems: A Quantitative Study of Three Poem Collections. Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture, 2(2), Mauermann, Michelle L. “The peripheral neuropathies of POEMS syndrome and castleman disease.” Hematology/Oncology Clinics 32.1 (2018): 153-163.324-346. 

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