Comments: Personality and Stress Sample Essay.
Type of paper:
Psychology and Education
Format or citation style:
Deadline: 4 hours
reaction papers in response to material covered in the weeks’ reading. Students are expected to provide any combination of at least 3 questions, comments, or reactions to the weeks’ reading material for each paper. Estimated length is 2 pages double-spaced (no less than 1.5 pages). Reaction paper grading will be out of 50 points (0 points=no completion, 5-14 points=only 1 question, comment, or reaction, and/or not related to assigned material; 15-30 points=only 2 questions, comments or reactions and/or not related to assigned material, 30-44 points=includes 3 questions, comments, or reactions and is clearly related to assigned material, 45-50 points=superior answer, includes 3 questions, comments, or reactions and raises insightful points, relates material to other week’s material or to own experiences, or otherwise demonstrates a strong effort to reflect on assigned material) (100 points total). name of the book Harrington, R. (2013). Stress, health, & well-being: you should write about chapter 6.
I got the link to the book: Chapter 6 begins on page 171
First Second Name
Comments: Personality and Stress
Firstly, I comment on the three super traits according to Eysenck’s PEN model including psychoticism, extraversion, neuroticism (Harrington 176-179). Personally I found that the author, has done enough justice in explaining how different people have different personalities based on the Eysenck’s PEN model. For instance, the author links the three super traits to having a psychophysiological root in which case the trait of psychoticism is associated with gonadal enzymes and hormones, the extroversion trait is associated with the arousal of the cortical system, and neuroticism is associated with the activation of the visceral brain system of a person. The ultimate comment on this part of Harrington’s work is that he has exhausted what there is to know about personality from the perspective of the aforementioned model. In other words, the author has utilized relevant models as the one mentioned which makes the content delivery more effective to the learner (one using the book).
Secondly, other comment is based on the major components of the neurotic cascade that have been focused on under the section of neuroticism (Harrington 183). The components addressed include: hyperactivity, differential exposure; differential appraisal; mood spillover; and the sting of familiar problems. In this case, the neuroticism trait has been presented as a predictor of shorter lives associated with less successful, less healthy, and less happy occasions. According to what I gather form the whole section on neuroticism, the human being is prone to a deteriorated health which is a result of enhanced stress simply because he or she has the neuroticism trait. My comment is that, yes the neurotic components are or linked to negativities in how an individual with neuroticism trait approaches and deals with life, however, the presence of this trait only implies a likelihood of negativity in terms of life both health and stress but does not necessarily mean a totally negative life. There are chances of influential mentality change for the particular individual where in some stressor situations, he/she would have a positive view of the situation thus not hyperactive. There are chances of the person not necessarily projecting negative emotions to other life events. Not to forget the fact that there are also chances that the person acquires a psychological flexibility thus not experiencing the sting of familiar problems. Consequently, I suggest that the aspect of neuroticism has been relayed in a very conclusive manner which would be misdirecting to some people by impacting a wholly irreversible negative mentality to them which should not be the case.
Finally, I would comment on ‘The Big Five’ personality traits highlighted by Harrington. Notably, the author outlines the five personality traits as openness, agreeableness, extraversion, neuroticism and conscientiousness (Harrington 180-181). I find it enlightening that the people who tend to score high on having these big five traits tend to uphold health-protective behaviors. Even though those people who tend to be open to new experiences are prone to health-harming behaviors, those who possess the extraversion, agreeableness and conscientiousness traits tend to have cautious and critical approaches in their lives and in whatever they engage into that affects their health and thus stress level therefore bearing health-protective behaviors. Basing on the cohesion that the author has created between the personality traits and health behaviors among the different types of people, I would comment that the content and message delivered to the consumer is concrete enough. The only thing that would add strength to the whole issue is the use of more real life examples and incorporation of findings from more detailed researches by scholars.
Harrington, R. Stress, health, & well-being. Australia: Wadsworth Cengage Learning, 2013. 171- 208. Print.