Child Protection. Format or citation style:
- History and Purpose of Child Protect in Australia
There have been several forms of in Australia, dating back in the colonialism era. During the imperialism period, most of the abused and abandoned children were saved and later placed within voluntarily run orphanages or given out to families approved by the government. Notably, the early 19th Century child care provision was mainly established to cater for basic needs of illegitimate and abandoned children especially those whose parents were considered socially inadequate (“History of Child Protection Services”). Nonetheless, there were no specific established protectionism concepts and mechanisms defending children against abusive caregivers or parents. The reluctancy in protectionism was due to the seemed notion that parents had autonomous authority over their children and thus allowed by the government to bring them up in the way they deemed fit.
In the 19th Century, Australia witnessed an increased awareness of the plight of children and their rights. Consequently, there was an upsurge in the establishment of child cruelty prevention societies mandated with reporting and inspecting instances of child neglect and abuse across the country. Due to an increase in suspected child abuse cases in the 21st Century, the Australian government implemented new models of protection intending to establish a balance and collaboration between family welfare support and statutory protection services (“History of Child Protection Services”). The collaboration provided social workers with diverse response options to underlying family needs that were the perceived risks prompting child abuse and neglect.
Currently, Australia’s children protection systems vary across territories and states. With most child services placed under the human service department, each of the states have set aside sufficient resources to prevent and provide basic needs to families at the verge of child neglect and abuse (“History of Services”). Nonetheless, all child protection service continuum should be aimed at implementing preventative interventions either in the primary or secondary category.
- Legislation, Policies and Practice Frameworks Relevant to Victoria
Victoria state’s legislation include Children, Youth and Families Act 2005 containing the Adoption Act 2003, Child Wellbeing and Safety Act2005, Family Violence Protection Act 2008, Working with Children Act 2005, and Sex Offenders Registration Act 2004 (“Australian Child Protection Legislation”). There is also a policy put in place to avail after-care services and support to abused persons below the age of 21 years. Additionally, the public, under practical frameworks, allows the public to report of any child neglect and abuse instances to the Sexual Offences and Child Abuse Investigation Teams (SOCIT) police department.
State or Territory Department in Australia Government for (“Reporting Child Abuse and Neglect”).
|State/Territory||Govt department responsible for child protection|
|Australian capital territory||Child and Youth Protection Services|
|New south wales||Department of Family and Community Services|
|Northern Territory||Department of Territory Families|
|Queensland||Department of Child Safety, Youth and Women|
|South Australia||Department for Child Protection|
|Tasmania||Department of Health and Human Services|
|Victoria||Department of Health and Human Services|
|Western Australia||Department of Communities, Child Protection and Family Support|
Abused young people come into the attention of agencies by first depicting physical or behavioural signs of negligence and abuse, or by disclosing abuse information to other persons (” – Reporting Procedures”). The abuse claims are then assessed to investigate significant harm. After the claims are proven, the child is then placed under the attention of child protection.
- 5 Phases of Child Protection (“Phases | Manual”)
- Protective intervention
- Protection order
- Section 3 of the Child Youth and Family Act (2005) describes the types of harm and neglect and detail what each of them is (“Australian Legal Definitions: When Is A Child in Need of Protection?”). Notably, the section defines a child in need of protection against abuse as a person under the age of 17 years suffering significant harm after abandonment by their parents.
Four Impacts of Clients Entering Out-Of-Home Care
The clients entering out-of-home care develop a sense of security and mental stability, eventually when in the facility as they are no longer in a position to interact with their perpetrators (Siewert 69). The safety and security they feel enable them to positively deal and overcome the abuse trauma they experienced while at home.
Children in out-of-home care facilities undergo regular psychological, physical, mental, and developmental health needs assessments (Siewert 69). The valuations enable the caregivers to timely avail the necessary resources for the ultimate well-being of the traumatized victims to enable them to resume to normalcy and open up to other people especially those helping them overcome their challenges.
Abused children checking into the out-of-home care maximize on their education capacities and be at par with those that are well taken care of by parents (Siewert 69). Notably, the care facilities provide free early childhood and education services to all those that check into the facilities, and that equips the abused with the necessary life skills relevant for future undertakings.
Young people in out-of-home care develops appropriate identity and safety perceptions (Siewert 69). Remarkably, the care facilities avail cultural, family, spiritual, community, and friendship resources enabling the children to become conversant with their historical backgrounds. A good sense of connectivity with the community and environment improves their distorted perception about humanity.
“Australian Childn Legislation”. Child Family Community Australia, 2018, https://aifs.gov.au/cfca/publications/australian-child-protection-legislation.
“Australian Legal Definitions: When Is A Child in Need of Protection?”. Child Family Community Australia, 2019, https://aifs.gov.au/cfca/publications/australian-legal-definitions-when-child-need-protection.
“Child Abuse – Reporting Procedures”. Betterhealth.Vic.Gov.Au, 2020, https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/healthyliving/child-abuse-reporting-procedures.
“History of Childn Services”. Child Family Community Australia, 2020, https://aifs.gov.au/cfca/publications/history-child-protection-services.
“Phases | Manual”. Cpmanual.Vic.Gov.Au, 2015, https://www.cpmanual.vic.gov.au/policies-and-procedures/phases.
“Reporting and Neglect”. Child Family Community Australia, 2019, https://aifs.gov.au/cfca/publications/cfca-resource-sheet/reporting-child-abuse-and-neglect.
Siewert, Rachel. Out of Home Care. Senate Community Affairs Committee Secretariat, 2015, pp. 67-69.